A new quantum processor is capable of factoring a composite number into its constituent prime factors—a step toward advances in cybersecurity and cryptography.
“Anytime you send a secure transmission—like your credit card information—you are relying on security that is based on the fact that it’s really hard to find the prime factors of large numbers,” says UC Santa Barbara researcher Erik Lucero.
The new processor could lead to what the researchers call quantum cryptography, which would be more harder to break.
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Photo credit: UC Santa Barbara